China's Maritime Silk Road Initiative

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In 2013, the government of China announced an ambitious project called "One Belt One Road" (OBOR), whose name was changed in 2017 to the "Belt and Road Initiative" (BRI). The initiative includes a large number of massive infrastructure and transportation projects along two routes between Europe and China. The land route (One Road) traverses the countries of Central Asia and is based on the historic Silk Road which includes six logistic corridors. The maritime route (the maritime belt – the maritime Silk Road) runs through China, Southeast Asia, Indian Ocean ports, East Africa, the Red Sea and the Mediterranean. At this point, the BRI framework includes about 200 joint projects (along both the land route and the sea route) and the initiative is intended to include about 64 countries.